Learning how to administer CPR can give you the tools to save a life in many different types of disaster or emergency situations. Even if you’re a little rusty then it’s better to try than to stand by and do nothing at all, it really could be the difference between life and death. Before you start CPR there are a few things which you need to check out;
- Is the person still conscious, or are they unconscious
- If the person appears to be unconscious then always try a little tap on the shoulder and asking them if they’re okay, loudly
- No response? Then try to call for emergency help immediately, but mean time . . .
- Start to administer CPR
When starting CPR remember C-A-B . . . Circulation, Airways, Breathing
- Circulation – chest compressions will help to restore blood circulation. If you are not trained or fully confident in CPR then stick with this if professional medical help is on its way, if not . . .
- Airway – clear the airways by lifting the head and tilting the neck. Gently tilt the head back with the palm of your hand, then lift the chin forwards to ensure that the airway is open.
- Breathing – begin mouth to mouth resuscitation if you can, or alternatively mouth to nose.
These three simple steps really can enable you to save lives, so don’t forget to brush up on your CPR training, you never know when a disaster might occur.
Choking can happen at any time, but if it happens during a disaster situation when you can’t get emergency help quickly, then you’ve gotta know what to do. If someone is coughing, spluttering and turning blue then it’s time to get to work.
- Start off with five good, hard back blows, with the heel of your hand between their shoulder blades.
- Perform the Heimlich maneuver, five abdominal thrusts (you’ve probably seen it on TV)
- Alternate the back blows and the thrusts until you manage to dislodge the blockage
Chest pains can be caused by many different things, and need to be treated accordingly. During a disaster emergency it might or might not be possible to determine the exact cause of the chest pains, but you can’t discount things like;
- Heart attack – the person might feel an uncomfortable pressure and squeezing in the center of their chest, pain which spreads through the shoulders, arms or neck and/or light headedness and fainting, shortness of breath, sweating.
Other causes of chest pain do, however, have very similar symptoms which makes diagnosing the cause of chest pains extremely tricky.